Thanks to technological advancements in the field of medicine and microbiological research, many illnesses that were the cause of great worry and panic are today not only treatable but also preventable. Some of them have even gone extinct, but even so, we still have some Deadly illnesses today that one should be aware of. Here are four among the most fatal in the list.
1. MDR Bacterial Illnesses
Mostly due to overuse and misuse of antibiotics, as well as skipping and neglecting of prescribed antibiotic doses by patients, human medicinal intake has caused the development of antibiotic resistance in some disease-causing bacteria. These are known as Multi-Drug Resistant Strains or superbugs and have been seen in some illnesses such as pneumonia, TB, and some STIs such as gonorrhea. According to statistics from the CDC, there has been a steady decline of in the number of deaths arising from these MDR superbugs over the years, especially Staphylococcus aureus species resistant to the antibiotic, Methicillin; but these illnesses are apparently still a great concern today. The next time you approach a health facility with a bacterial infection is sure to not only complete your dose but also stick to the doctor’s prescription.
2. Malaria in Africa
Mostly endemic to some parts of the African continent, malaria is still a major cause of death especially for kids and pregnant women in those areas. This disease is caused by a protozoan parasite spread by the female anopheles mosquito from an infected person to a healthy individual. Deaths from malaria in Africa has however seen a decline in the past few years owing to donation of nets and preventive care education in endemic regions, but the poverty levels in some of these areas have been a challenge in this battle, where most of the donated nets are converted into fishing nets in areas where fishing is the major economic activity. Clearing of bushes, elimination of stagnant water pools and use of nets are the major preventive measure. The good thing about this disease is that it has a known cure.
The acronym stands for RSV Respiratory Syncytial Virus, an airborne viral lung disease characterized by high fever, cough, and wheezing. RSV is a seasonal infection that mostly affects babies of tender age, scientific research showing that the disease occurs at least once before the attain age two. Although it is not a very serious problem, what makes RSV infection a deadly illness is that it neither has a cure, nor a vaccine to control its spread. Furthermore, it can trigger pneumonia in the elderly or smoking adults. The best way to keep the disease at bay is to prevent infection, which is done by observing sanitation and sanitization measures at all times especially during the cold seasons.
Another fatal disease that should not be left out in the list of Deadly illnesses today is Ebola, caused by the Ebola or Marburg virus. The battle against the deadly Ebola virus seems to have been won, after the epidemic in West African states such as Guinea and Sierra Leon were declared Ebola free in the start of 2016. But that doesn’t make it less deadly, as it had been witnessed that this disease can kill within hours of infection if left unattended to. Ebola has for a while been rated as the most